Tuesday, January 27, 2015

Precis of Auto Batteries

Auto Batteries
An Auto Battery is a type of rechargeable battery which supplies electric energy to an automobile. Automotive SLI Batteries (starting, lighting, ignition) power starter motor, lights as well as ignition system of a vehicle's engine. Good quality batteries are essential for proper functioning of automobiles. Therefore, an auto battery should be designed in way to ensure high performance of the vehicle. Auto SLI Batteries are usually of lead-acid type, and use six galvanic cells in series to provide a 12 volt system. Each of the cells provides 2.1 volts for a total of 12.6-volts at full charge. Heavy vehicles like highway trucks, tractors, etc. often have diesel engines and require to use 2 batteries in series for a 24-volt system.

Types of Batteries:
  • Lead Acid Battery
  • Flooded Cell Type Battery
  • Valve Regulated Lead Acid (VRLA) Battery (also called Sealed Battery)
  • Starting (Cranking) or Shallow Cycle Type
  • Deep Cycle (or Motive) Type

Battery recycling of automotive batteries reduces the need for resources required for manufacture of new batteries, diverts toxic lead from landfills, and prevents risk of improper disposal.

Importance of properly maintaining an auto battery:

One should check the condition of his/ her vehicle’s battery at regular intervals of time. Most auto batteries must be charged every four hours in order to allow vehicles to run properly and smoothly. Moreover, cleaning of battery terminals should be done on regular basis. This will ensure that the battery supplies your car with usable electricity effectively. Like most automobile components, battery also undergoes wear and tear process. Therefore, it is important to ascertain proper maintenance of the batter in order to ensure its prolonged service life. If you battery is performing less efficiently, replace it for better functioning of your car.

Some common battery faults include:
  • Shorted cell because of the separator failure between positive & negative plates
  • Broken internal connections due to corrosion
  • Cracked or broken case
  • Broken plates due to vibration and corrosion
  • Broken terminals
  • Low electrolyte level
  • Frequent and continuous overcharge