Mines and mineral processing plants need integrated process control systems capable of improving plant-wide efficiency and productivity. Mining automation systems today typically control fixed plant equipment such as pumps, fans, and phone systems. Much work is underway around the world in attempting to create the moveable equivalent of the manufacturing assembly line for mining. This technology has the goals of speeding production, improving safety, and reducing costs. Process automation systems in mineral processing plants provide important plant operational information such as metallurgical accounting, mass balances, production management, process control, and optimization. This chapter discusses robotics and automation for mining and process control in mineral processing. Teleoperation of mining equipment and control strategies for grinding and flotation serve as examples of current development of field.