By using a small amount of water and the right swirling motion,
you can swirl the lighter sand furthest around the pan, the
black sand a little way around, exposing any gold, which moves
the least. Nuggets and large enough flakes can be picked up with
Fine gold (flour gold, gold dust) may be found and recovered from
almost any sort of stream deposits other than solid clay, but it is most
likely to be found with mixtures of silt and sand. It is very easy to
lose fine gold as water is swirled out of the gold pan.
Stream beds act like a sluice box - gold settles between
the larger gravel and stones. Care must be taken while lifting
material through water - you don't want gold to be carried away
before you get it into your pan. Gold may be replenished from
upstream - either more-or-less continuously, or during high water.
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